1057 - King Anawrahta founds the first unified Burmese state at Pagan and adopts Theravada Buddhism.
1287 - Mongols under Kublai Khan conquer Pagan.
Shwedagon Pagoda: Burma's key religious site
Said to date back 2,500 years
Restored in 1998
Jewellery donated for gold roof
1531 - Toungoo dynasty, with Portuguese help, reunites Burma.
1755 - Alaungpaya founds the Konbaung dynasty.
1824-26 - First Anglo-Burmese war
ends with the Treaty of Yandabo, according to which Burma ceded the
Arakan coastal strip, between Chittagong and Cape Negrais, to British
1852 - Britain annexes lower Burma, including Rangoon, following the second Anglo-Burmese war.
1885-86 - Britain captures Mandalay after a brief battle; Burma becomes a province of British India.
1937 - Britain separates Burma from India and makes it a crown colony.
1942 - Japan invades and occupies
Burma with some help from the Japanese-trained Burma Independence Army,
which later transforms itself into the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom
League (AFPFL) and resists Japanese rule.
1945 - Britain liberates Burma from Japanese occupation with help from the AFPFL, led by Aung San.
1947 - Aung San and six members of
his interim government assassinated by political opponents led by U
Saw, a nationalist rival of Aung San's. U Nu, foreign minister in Ba
Maw's government, which ruled Burma during the Japanese occupation,
asked to head the AFPFL and the government.
1948 - Burma becomes independent with U Nu as prime minister.
- U Nu, together with Indian Prime Minister Nehru, Indonesian President
Sukarno, Yugoslav President Tito and Egyptian President Nasser co-found
the Movement of Non-Aligned States.
The Irrawaddy: backbone of Burma's rice trade
2,170 km (1,350 miles) long
Commercially navigable for 1,300 km (800 miles)
1958-60 - Caretaker government, led by army Chief of Staff General Ne Win, formed following a split in the ruling AFPFL party.
1960 - U Nu's party faction wins
decisive victory in elections, but his promotion of Buddhism as the
state religion and his tolerance of separatism angers the military.
One-party, military-led state
1962 - U Nu's faction ousted in
military coup led by Gen Ne Win, who abolishes the federal system and
inaugurates "the Burmese Way to Socialism"- nationalising the economy,
forming a single-party state with the Socialist Programme Party as the
sole political party, and banning independent newspapers.
- New constitution comes into effect, transferring power from the armed
forces to a People's Assembly headed by Ne Win and other former
military leaders; body of former United Nations secretary-general U
Thant returned to Burma for burial.
1975 - Opposition National Democratic Front formed by regionally-based minority groups, who mounted guerrilla insurgencies.
1981 - Ne Win relinquishes the
presidency to San Yu, a retired general, but continues as chairman of
the ruling Socialist Programme Party.
1982 - Law designating people of non-indigenous background as "associate citizens" in effect bars such people from public office.
Riots and repression
1987 - Currency devaluation wipes out many people's savings and triggers anti-government riots.
1988 - Thousands of people are killed in anti-government riots. The State Law and Order Restoration Council (Slorc) is formed.
1989 - Slorc declares martial law,
arrests thousands of people, including advocates of democracy and human
rights, renames Burma Myanmar, with the capital, Rangoon, becoming
Yangon. NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi, the daughter of Aung San, is put
under house arrest.
1990 - Opposition National League
for Democracy (NLD) wins landslide victory in general election, but the
result is ignored by the military.
1991 - Aung San Suu Kyi awarded Nobel Peace Prize for her commitment to peaceful change.
1992 - Than Shwe replaces Saw Maung
as Slorc chairman, prime minister and defence minister. Several
political prisoners freed in bid to improve Burma's international
1995 - Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest after six years.
1996 - Aung San Suu Kyi attends
first NLD congress since her release; Slorc arrests more than 200
delegates on their way to party congress.
1997 - Burma admitted to Association of South East Asian Nations (Asean); Slorc renamed State Peace and Development Council (SPDC).
Release of pro-democracy supporters
1998 - 300 NLD members released
from prison; ruling council refuses to comply with NLD deadline for
convening of parliament; student demonstrations broken up.
1999 - Aung San Suu Kyi rejects ruling council conditions to visit her British husband, Michael Aris, who dies of cancer in UK.
2000 September - Ruling council lifts restrictions on movements of Aung San Suu Kyi and senior NLD members.
2000 October - Aung San Suu Kyi begins secret talks with ruling council.
2001 Ruling council releases some
200 pro-democracy activists. Government says releases reflect progress
in talks with opposition NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi who remains under
2001 February - Burmese army, Shan rebels clash on Thai border.
Improving border relations
2001 June - Thai Prime Minister Shinawatra visits, says relations are back on track.
2001 September - Intelligence chief
Khin Nyunt visits Thailand. Burma pledges to eliminate drugs trade in
the Golden Triangle by 2005.
2001 November - Chinese President Jiang Zemin visits, issues statement supporting government, reportedly urges economic reform.
2002 May - Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi released after nearly 20 months of house arrest.
2003 May - Aung San Suu Kyi taken into "protective custody" after clashes between her supporters and those of government.
2003 August - Khin Nyunt becomes
prime minister. He proposes to hold convention in 2004 on drafting new
constitution as part of "road map" to democracy.
2003 November - Five senior NLD leaders released from house arrest after visit of UN human rights envoy.
2004 January - Government and Karen National Union - most significant ethnic group fighting government - agree to end hostilities.
2004 May - Constitutional
convention begins, despite boycott by National League for Democracy
(NLD) whose leader Aung San Suu Kyi remains under house arrest. The
convention adjourns in July.
Prime minister ousted
2004 October - Khin Nyunt is replaced as prime minister amid reports of a power struggle. He is placed under house arrest.
November - Leading dissidents are freed as part of a release of
thousands of prisoners, including Min Ko Naing, who led the 1988
pro-democracy student demonstrations.
2004 December - Giant waves,
generated by an undersea earthquake off the Indonesian coast, hit the
coast. The prime minister says 59 people were killed and more than
3,000 left homeless.
2005 February - Constitutional
convention resumes, but without the participation of the main
opposition and ethnic groups. Talks end in January 2006 with no reports
of any clear outcomes.
2005 7 May - Three
near-simultaneous explosions go off in shopping districts in the
capital; the government puts the death toll at 23.
2005 July - Asean announces that Burma has turned down the 2006 chairmanship of the regional grouping.
2005 November - Burma says its seat of government is moving to a new site near the central town of Pyinmana.
2006 March - The new capital hosts its first official event, an Armed Forces Day parade.